In this article we are going to see the top 10 steps to increase soybean yield by 1000%. As we all know ,because of the valuable components in their seeds, soybeans are one of the most widely grown and used legumes worldwide. With Soybean prices rising, it is critical for growers to get the most Soybeans per acre. Farmers must optimize their management in order to increase soybean production. Let’s take a look at how to increase the yield of soybeans.
STEPS TO INCREASE SOYBEAN YIELD
STEP-1-Crop growth management practices
Seed preparation, variety selection, planting rate, planting depth, row width, pest management (diseases, pests, and weeds), and plants, including nutrition and harvesting, are all management practices that can affect crop growth.
Adopting the right methods and technologies for better crop management and system improvement can boost soybean production. Farmers are advised to use the system-based planting method to get the best yield.
Cultivation methods, cultivation choices, and the use of herbicides, fungicides, and pesticides are all part of a comprehensive agricultural management programme. The interaction of different genetic potential with ecological and farming methods results in the growth, development, and production of soybeans. Seed production will improve if environmental pressure is reduced.
Step 2: Steps to increase soybean yield by 1000%
From planting to harvesting, the key to successful soybean production is to keep your plants healthy. To ensure maximum yield, proper planning and planting management are required. Factors that influence soybean production and how they affect yield are classified.
- Plant protection (pests, diseases)
- Seed treatment
- Row spacing
Some factors, such as the weather and growers, are beyond our control, but we must hold them accountable at all times. More nitrogen may be required as genetics and management practices improve soybean production potential.
STEP-3: How can the number of soybean seeds/plants be increased?
As the number of flowers is genetically determined and does not change much, the number of nodes determines seed yield per plant.
- Planting date – The planting date is determined by the top group, which leaves 15 days before the bottom group.
- Soybeans should be planted in 15-inch rows rather than 7, 7.5, 22, 30-inch, or other rows.
- Tillage and residue management – Tillage and residue management is being done more with the top group than before, while no-till fields are producing less.
- Harvest date – A significant factor affecting yields was harvest history, with the highest yielding farmers harvesting Soybeans six days ahead of the low yielding group.
STEP-4 Soybean production is influenced by a number of factors.
- Planting Date
- Row Spacing and Sowing Rate
- Common Diseases and Insects
- Crop rotation
STEP-5 Selection of cultivars for maximum crop yield
Proper Soybean variety selection is critical for success in high-yielding, management-based production systems, according to the following. The seed variety has a significant impact on yield, and the variety that reaches full maturity for the area yields the most. The decision to farm is influenced by a number of factors.
- Crop selection is influenced by the length of the growing season. Soybeans are light-sensitive, and the further south they are planted, the later they mature.
- Plant growth is influenced by temperature, particularly at night. As a result, soybeans grow faster in the eastern producing regions than in the country’s warmer western regions. It is widely accepted that cultivation with a long growing season performs better in western regions with warmer climates, cultivation with a moderate growing season performs better in cooler climates, and small farmers perform better in colder climates.
- The best planting date in a given area will influence farming decisions because it will determine whether to plant for early or late maturity. Mid-October is the best time to plant, but in warmer climates, farmers can plant as late as December. Soybeans should be planted either before or after corn.
- The variety, as well as the pruning, is influenced by plant and pod height. Small plants with fewer pods are common in low-growing seasonal crops.
STEP-6 To maximize soybean production, soil requirements are necessary.
The pH of the soil is significant because it has a direct impact on the plant’s ability to access nutrients in the soil. The acidity or concentration of hydrogen ions in a soil solution is measured by soil pH. pH has an impact on a variety of chemical and biological soil processes. Maintaining a proper pH will help other crop inputs work more efficiently and reduce the risk of yield loss. For maximum soybean production, a pH range of 6.0 to 6.8 is ideal (in mineral soils).
Maintaining proper soil pH levels ensures that nutrients are available and that productivity is maximized. Soybeans are sensitive to soil compounds, so good soil structure is essential for good root growth and development. By reducing the incidence of diseases, pests, and weeds, distance with plant density and crop rotation will help increase soybean production. Controlling pests and diseases helps to keep root and leaf damage to a minimum.
STEP-7: Crop growth is aided by favorable weather conditions.
Soybeans require a temperature range of 15 to 32°C for germination and rapid growth, but the crop itself requires high temperatures. The most harmful type of soil is sandy loam, which contains a lot of organic matter.
STEP-8 : Spend time selecting plants for the best Soybean grain quality.
The most important thing a farmer can do to improve yields is to choose the right variety for his or her acre. Unfortunately, because there is no single reliable source of information, this is also one of the most difficult steps. It’s critical to select a variety with herb tolerance, variety maturity, agricultural properties, disease and pest resistance, and disease and pest resistance. Choose varieties and maturity groups with the highest productivity potential, as well as genetics and trait packages that are appropriate for your circumstances and methods.
STEP-9 Soybean production variety selection
One of the most important management decisions affecting soybean yield is variety selection. Growers of soybeans must compare performance data from a variety of sources, locations, and environments. Looking only at local data is a common blunder (your farm, neighborhood, county, etc.). Despite being interesting, local statistics only give a glimpse of how well this variety of Soybeans performed in a limited area last year.
Farmers will have the best forecasting ability for next year’s environment if they compare different types of performance in a variety of environments and factors. Farmers are constantly reminded that the type of crop they plant is their most important production decision. Always choose a high-yielding variety with the necessary agricultural and defence package, as well as one that is appropriate for the field and soil in which it will be planted.
Many varieties with long seed life have been developed, including JS 93-05, JS 95-60, JS 335, JS 80-21, NRC 2, NRC 37, Punjab 1, and Kalitur. MACS 58, NRC 37, Type 49, Durga, and Punjab 1 are examples of varieties that have been developed for mechanical harvesting with the lowest entry point of the lowest bean. MACS 1407, a high-yielding and pest-resistant Soybean variety developed by Indian scientists, is a high-yielding and pest-resistant Soybean variety.
Planting a variety of Soybeans to diversify plant genetics and reduce the risk of crop damage from stressors can be a good strategy. Harvest and frost dates, on the other hand, should be taken into account. Following the selection of a group of high-yielding Soybean varieties, the next step is to choose varieties that meet specific disease, pest, and weed resistance/tolerance characteristics while keeping the specific fields in mind. They developed MACS 1407, which yields 39 quintals per hectare, using traditional cross-breeding techniques.
STEP-10: Soybean crop yield best fertiliser
The importance of proper nutrition in achieving maximum yield cannot be overstated. When soybean yields are low, it is due to a lack of essential nutrients. More Soybeans per acre can be grown with less fertiliser by increasing fertiliser efficiency and availability. Soybeans, in particular, require a lot of nitrogen (N), potassium (K), and phosphorus (P) .
Soybeans need about 4 to 4.5 pounds of nitrogen per bushel, with half coming from their nitrogen-fixing nodules and the rest coming from the soil. With grains, the 60-bushel crop eliminates significant nutrients, particularly N, P, and sulphur (S). For high-yielding Soybeans, nutrients like phosphorus and potassium are crucial. Use phosphorus and potassium fertilisers on soybeans to increase your economic profits and this is how you can increase soybean yield
Conclusion: I hope the above article ” top 10 Steps to increase soybean yield by 1000%” will help you and will increase profit as well as your income…..